Posted on 2021-04-16, by nokia241186.
English | 114 pages | Charles River Editors (June 12, 2020) | ASIN: B08B4Y67KZ | EPUB | 3.65 Mb
*Includes a bibliography for further reading
*Includes a table of contents
By the time Christopher Columbus started setting east from the New World, he had explored San Salvador in the Bahamas (which he thought was Japan), Cuba (which he thought was China), and Hispaniola, the source of gold. As the common story goes, Columbus, en route back to Spain from his first journey, called in at Lisbon as a courtesy to brief the Portuguese King John II of his discovery of the New World. King John subsequently protested that according to the 1479 Treaty of Alcáçovas, which divided the Atlantic Ocean between Spanish and Portuguese spheres of influence, the newly discovered lands rightly belonged to Portugal. To make clear the point, a Portuguese fleet was authorized and dispatched west from the Tagus to lay claim to the "Indies," which prompted a flurry of diplomatic activity in the court of Ferdinand and Isabella. At the time, Spain lacked the naval power to prevent Portugal from acting on this threat, and the result was the hugely influential 1494 Treaty of Tordesillas.
Perhaps inevitably, a regional rivalry had developed as the Portuguese began to establish a colony in Brazil and push its boundaries southwards. After the conquest of the Incas in the 1530s, the Portuguese threat prompted the authorization of a second expedition, commanded this time by Pedro de Mendoza with a force of some 1,500 men. The party arrived at the mouth of the Río de la Plata in 1536, and there Mendoza founded the settlement of Nuestra Señora Santa María del Buen Ayre. This was the basis of the future city of Buenos Aires, but its establishment was not without resistance from surrounding tribes, marking the kind of conflicts that would shape the history and independence movements of Argentina over the next 300 years.
Until the 1930s, nationalism had always tended to be a phenomenon of the right-wing or the immigrant anarchists and Bolsheviks. Now, however, the emphasis shifted to the middle ground, and ironically, one of the issues driving Argentine nationalism was the outsized British presence in Argentine affairs, stoked recently by the preferential trade agreement. Perhaps most importantly, the seizure by the British in 1833 of the Islas Malvinas (or as the British termed them, the Falkland Islands) remained a sore point.
This wave of cultural nationalism was very different to the more visceral, political nationalism that came before it, and it gathered a considerable following in Buenos Aires among liberal intellectuals and the middle classes. The movement was given further impetus by the outbreak of World War II and the freezing of European markets, along with the British emphasis on the imperial preference as a means of saving foreign currency. Calls began to be heard for industries to be nationalized, for goods no longer imported to be manufactured at home, and for a greater degree of protectionism and self-sufficiency. At the same time, Argentina's neutrality during the war was punished by the United States, which excluded Argentina from a program of arming several Latin American countries. This struck the Argentine armed forces with a bout of the jitters in case they fell behind in matters of military preparedness.
After the tensions had mounted for over a year, matters played out precisely as Perón's opponents had feared.
(Buy premium account for maximum speed and resuming ability)
- Ebooks list page : 47282
- 2022-07-28The Gettysburg Campaign The History and Legacy of the Civil War's Most Famous Campaign
- 2022-07-27Ashoka and the Maurya Dynasty The History and Legacy of Ancient India's Greatest Empire (Dynasties)
- 2022-07-20The Fall of Rome The History and Legacy of the Western Roman Empire's Collapse in the 5th Century [Audiobook]
- 2022-07-16The 1759 Battle of Quebec The History and Legacy of Britain's Most Important Victory of the French & Indian War
- 2022-07-16Eridu The History and Legacy of the Oldest City in Ancient Mesopotamia
- 2022-07-16The Race to the Moon The History and Legacy of the Cold War Competition Between the Soviet Union and the United States
- 2022-07-16The Prohibition Era in the United States The History and Legacy of America's Ban on Alcohol and Its Repeal
- 2022-07-14The Cossacks The History and Legacy of the Legendary Slavic Warriors
- 2022-07-09The Kushan Empire The History and Legacy of the Powerful Ancient Dynasty in South Asia [Audiobook]
- 2022-07-07Abraham Lincoln's Second Inaugural Address The History and Legacy of America's Most Famous Inaugural Address
- 2022-07-02The Gettysburg Address The History and Legacy of President Abraham Lincoln's Greatest Speech
- 2022-06-26Ukraine The History and Legacy of Ukraine from the Middle Ages to Today [Audiobook]
- 2022-06-25The Soviet Nuclear Weapons Program The History and Legacy of the USSR's Efforts to Build the Atomic Bomb (Audiobook)
- 2022-06-25The Caste War of Yucatán The History and Legacy of the Last Major Indigenous Revolt in the Americas [Audiobook]
- 2022-06-24East Germany The History and Legacy of the Soviet Satellite State Established after World War II (Au...
- 2022-03-23The Ancient Olympic Games The History and Legacy of Ancient Greece's Most Famous Sports Event
- 2022-03-22Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia The History and Legacy of the Multiethnic Nations That Split Apart after the Cold War [Audiobook]
- 2022-03-22The Irish Confederate Wars The History and Legacy of Ireland's Deadliest Conflict [Audiobook]
- 2022-03-18The Underground Railroad The History and Legacy of America's Greatest Abolitionist Network
- Download links and password may be in the description section, read description carefully!
- Do a search to find mirrors if no download links or dead links.