# TTC Video Introduction to Number Theory

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Posted on 2011-08-29. By anonymous.

Description

TTC Video Introduction to Number Theory

TTC Video Introduction to Number Theory

Info:

Title: Introduction to Number Theory

Author: Edward B. Burger Ph.D

Genre: Documentary

Language: English

Runtime: 24 x 30 min

Number of Video Files: 24 AVI

Video : AVI | 640?480 | 29.97 fps | XviD 785 kbps | MP3 128 Kbps 48 KHz Stereo

Size: 6.44 GB

In an ancient kingdom, a king asked his servant what he most desired. Sire, said the mathematician, Just place one grain of rice on a single square of a chessboard. Then fill each square by doubling the number of grains of rice for every other square. I would be content with the total sum of rice. Little did the king know, he now owed his mathematician a grand total of 18,446,744,073,709,551,615 grains of riceor more than 671 billion tons!

Its all due to a simple but powerful calculation, the sum of geometric progressionjust one of the fascinating concepts youll encounter in An Introduction to Number Theory. Taught by veteran Teaching Company instructor Edward B. Burger, this 24lecture course offers an exciting adventure into the world of numbers.

An Introduction to Number Theory is a great introduction to the field for anyone who loves numbers, is fascinated by math, and wants to go further into the relationships among these mysterious objects.

Description:

What Is Number Theory

Called the queen of mathematics by the legendary mathematician Carl Friedrich Gauss, number theory is one of the oldest and largest branches of pure mathematics. Practitioners of number theory delve deep into the structure and nature of numbers, and explore the remarkable, often beautiful relationships among them.

In this course, you ll cover all the fundamentals of this exciting discipline and explore the many different types of numbers:

Natural numbers

Prime numbers

Integers

Negative and irrational numbers

Algebraic numbers

Imaginary numbers

Transcendental numbers

But in An Introduction to Number Theory, youll also develop a deeper understanding of their nature and the relationships among them, and gain insights into the many branches of number theory, including

Elementary number theory, an exploration of the fundamental patterns involving the natural numbers

Analytic number theory which uses the techniques of calculus to establish its results and focuses on the prime numbers and their patterns

Algebraic number theory, which relies on arithmetic the operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication, division to find solutions to equations

Algebraic geometry, a combination of algebra and geometry which reveals the important connection between solutions to certain equations and points on certain curves.

An Intriguing Landscape of Calculation

Using brainteasing problems and fascinating anecdotes, Professor Burger offers deep insights into the complex and beautiful patterns that structure the world of numbers. For example, youll encounter:

The sieve of Eratosthenes: A simple but brilliant method for sifting out all the prime numbers within any sequence of natural numbers

The golden ratio: A mysterious and powerful number that recurs throughout the natural and scientific worlds, and is believed by some to hold the key to aesthetic beauty

The method of modular arithmetic: An alternative way of counting that focuses on remainders rather than quotients to open up new possibilities for the manipulation of numbers

The relationship between algebra and geometry: Exactly how does an algebraic formula correspond to a line or curve? What can we understand about these two mathematical entities

Number Theory in Everyday Life

Youll quickly see that number theorythough complex and intellectually challenging is no ivory tower endeavor. Throughout the course, Professor Burger answers intriguing questions about how the work of number theorists touches our daily lives:

How do modern computers talk to each other through vast remote networks

What technologies lay behind crucial security procedures, such as the encryption used when you pay with a credit card on an ecommerce website?

How do the puzzling numbers found on everyday consumer productsthe UPC labels, or bar codesallow you to move quickly and easily through the check-out stand at the local market

Why does the chromatic musical scale include 12 notes?

What is the meaning of the mysterious bank routing numbers on checks? How do they provide a way to identify specific bank accounts

Mathematical Proofs: The Agony and the Ecstasy

You ll also experience the exhilarating but often heartbreaking process of mathematical proof. In creating a proof, a mathematician is at once akin to the lawyer and the artist, constructing logical structures that deduce newly discovered truths from previously accepted premises.

While some mathematical problems readily yield proofs, others prove to be more intractable. In this course, youll hear about the trials, tribulations, and triumphs of great minds as they attempted to solve some of the most vexing open questions that have tickled the curiosity of mathematicians for centuries.

Consider, for example, the quest of Andrew Wiles. Since childhood, he dedicated himself to finding a proof to one of the most notorious open questions in mathematics, Fermats last theorem. Professor Burger follows Wiles s frustrating disappointments and miraculous breakthrough in proving this elusive theorem. Its a story that demonstrates the discipline, mental acuity, and remarkable creativity required to establish new areas of knowledge.

And youll learn about some of the open questions that remain, including the Collatz conjecture, a tricky puzzle for which the great 20thcentury Hungarian mathematician Paul Erds offered to pay $500 to anyone who could provide a solution.

Are You Ready for a Challenge

These are the kinds of mathematical puzzles that make An Introduction to Number Theory a treat for anyone who loves numbers. While the course requires confidence with basic math concepts, Professor Burger provides clear and effective guidance for students at all levels.

With each tantalizing problem, Professor Burger begins with an overview of the highlevel concepts. Next, he provides a stepbystep explanation of the formulas and calculations that lay at the heart of each conundrum. Through clear explanations, entertaining anecdotes, and enlightening demonstrations, Professor Burger makes this intriguing field of study accessible for anyone who appreciates the fascinating nature of numbers.

And while the course is demanding, youll soon find that An Introduction to Number Theory offers rewards that are equal to its tests. Through the study of number theory, youll experience an enlightened perspective on the world around us. As Professor Burger says of number theory:Great secrets and structures lie close by, to be uncovered only if we open our imagination to all possibilities.

Contents:

1. Number Theory and Mathematical Research

2. Natural Numbers and Their Personalities

3. Triangular Numbers and Their Progressions

4. Geometric Progressions, Exponential Growth

5. Recurrence Sequences

6. The Binet Formula and the Towers of Hanoi

7. The Classical Theory of Prime Numbers

8. Euler s Product Formula and Divisibility

9. The Prime Number Theorem and Riemann

10. Division Algorithm and Modular Arithmetic

11. Cryptography and Fermat s Little Theorem

12. The RSA Encryption Scheme

13. Fermat s Method of Ascent

14. Fermat s Last Theorem

15. Factorization and Algebraic Number Theory

16. Pythagorean Triples

17. An Introduction to Algebraic Geometry

18. The Complex Structure of Elliptic Curves

19. The Abundance of Irrational Numbers

20. Transcending the Algebraic Numbers

21. Diophantine Approximation

22. Writing Real Numbers as Continued Fractions

23. Applications Involving Continued Fractions

24. A Journey s End and the Journey Ahead

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